Información esencial sobre aceites esenciales

Los aceites esenciales son aceites altamente concentrados que se extraen de las flores, hojas, raíces y otras partes de las plantas. Normalmente, los aceites esenciales tienen el aroma característico de la planta, que se extrae mediante destilación al vapor (un proceso que consiste en aplicar vapor hasta que el aceite se vaporiza).

Cómo se dice que los aceites esenciales funcionan

En la aromaterapia , cuando las moléculas del aceite se inhalan o absorben a través de la piel, se dice que influyen en el sistema nervioso y en las áreas del cerebro (como el sistema límbico) y afectan a las hormonas, las sustancias químicas del cerebro, el metabolismo y otras funciones corporales.

Los aceites esenciales se usan a menudo para aliviar el estrés , mejorar el estado de ánimo, dormir mejor por la noche e incluso repeler a los insectos.



Al estar altamente concentrado, el aceite no debe ser inhalado directamente de la botella. Para liberar el aceite al aire, a menudo se usa un dispositivo como un  difusor de aromaterapia .

Otros métodos de inhalación incluyen la inhalación de vapor o la aplicación de una gota o dos de aceite a una bola de algodón, tejido o pañuelo y colocarlo cerca.

Uso topico

Essential oils are too potent to be used full-strength on skin. They are diluted in a carrier oil (such as almond, apricot kernel, or avocado oil) before being applied to skin during an aromatherapy massage, spa treatment, bath, compress, or spot treatment. Essential oils can also be found in soap, lotion, shampoo, bath salts, and candles.

Commonly Used Types

Of the hundreds of oils available, some of the most popular essential oils include:

  • Clary Sage: May help to relieve hot flashes and promote sleep
  • EucalyptusAn ingredient in steam inhalations to clear congestion and colds
  • Lavender: Often used for relaxation and to improve sleep
  • LemonSaid to boost mood and energy
  • Lemongrass: Can be used for stress-relief and immune function
  • Peppermint: Used for headaches and other types of pain
  • Rose: The soothing scent is said to ease stress and ease menstrual cramps
  • Rosemary: A stimulating scent said to boost attention and focus
  • Tea Tree: Used as for fungal skin infections and as a spot treatment for acne


The price of any pure essential oil depends on the plant’s availability, the amount of plant material required, and the growing, harvesting, and manufacturing conditions needed to produce the oil.

Jasmine oil, for instance, costs more than many other oils due to the millions of blossoms needed to produce one kilogram of jasmine absolute oil.


Although you can find countless uses for essential oils on the internet, it’s important to use caution when using them at home. When applied topically, essential oils can cause contact dermatitis, burns, and skin irritation.

Avoid prolonged exposure or the use of excessive amounts due to the risk of adverse effects such as increased blood pressure and heart rate.

A patch test should always be done when using a new essential oil to see if you are allergic to the oil.

Essential oils can be toxic if ingested or used internally. They shouldn’t be confused with essential fatty acids, which are edible dietary oils.

Oils should only be used in devices or materials designed for essential oils. The oils can degrade plastic equipment and there may be health risks with prolonged exposure, so essential oils shouldn’t be used in a humidifier, CPAP machine, or any other breathing device.

It’s a good idea to consult your healthcare provider before using essential oils for any condition. Learn more safety precautions when using essential oils.

Author profile
Bone Marrow Transplantation at Disciplied INC | 832-533-3765 | [email protected] | Website

I am Dr. Christopher Loynes and I specialize in Bone Marrow Transplantation, Hematologic Neoplasms, and Leukemia. I graduated from the American University of Beirut, Beirut. I work at New York Bone Marrow Transplantation
Hospital and Hematologic Neoplasms. I am also the Faculty of Medicine at the American University of New York.